Definition of Head and neck cancers
The term “head and neck cancers” refers to a broad category of cancers occurring in the head or neck region, including the nasal cavity, sinuses, lips, mouth, salivary glands, throat, tonsils or larynx. Most head and neck cancers begin in the squamous cells that line the moist surfaces of these areas. Major risk factors for developing these cancers include heavy use of tobacco and alcohol.
Head and neck cancers can disfigure the face and neck and impact speech, sight, the ability to swallow and the sense of smell. Treatment depends on the type, location and progression (stage) of your cancer, but can include any combination of surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.