Definition of Tongue cancer
Tongue cancer is a common and serious type of mouth cancer (oral cancer). Tongue cancer usually begins in the squamous cells that cover the surface of the tongue. When cancer forms in the front two-thirds of the tongue, it’s classified as a type of oral cancer. Cancer that develops in the back third of the tongue is considered a form of throat (oropharyngeal) cancer.
When identified early, tongue cancer is highly curable. Oral cancers are about twice as common in men as in women. Tobacco, heavy alcohol use and exposure to human papillomavirus (HPV) increase the risk of oral cancers.