Novo-Lexin - Cephalexin (Oral Route)

    Novo-Lexin – Cephalexin (Oral Route)

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    Description and Brand Names of Novo-Lexin – Cephalexin (Oral Route)

    US Brand Name

    1. Bio-Cef
    2. Keflex
    3. Panixine DisperDose

    Canadian Brand Name

    1. Novo-Lexin

    Descriptions

    Cephalexin is used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body. It belongs to the class of medicines known as cephalosporin antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. However, this medicine will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.

    This medicine is available only with your doctor’s prescription.

    This product is available in the following dosage forms:

    • Tablet
    • Capsule
    • Tablet for Suspension
    • Powder for Suspension

    Before Using Novo-Lexin – Cephalexin (Oral Route)

    In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

    Allergies

    Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

    Pediatric

    Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of cephalexin in children.

    Geriatric

    Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of cephalexin in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related kidney problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving cephalexin.

    Pregnancy

    Breastfeeding

    Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.

    Drug Interactions

    Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

    Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

    • Warfarin

    Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

    • Cholestyramine
    • Metformin

    Other Interactions

    Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

    Other Medical Problems

    The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

    • Colitis (inflammation in gut), history of or
    • Diarrhea, severe, history of – Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
    • Kidney disease – Use with caution. Effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.

    Proper Use of Novo-Lexin – Cephalexin (Oral Route)

    Take this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.

    Shake the oral liquid well before each use. Measure the medicine with a marked measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup. The average household teaspoon may not hold the right amount of liquid.

    Keep using this medicine for the full treatment time, even if you feel better after the first few doses. Your infection may not clear up if you stop using the medicine too soon.

    Dosing

    The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor’s orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

    The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

    • For oral dosage forms (capsules or suspension):

      • For infections:

        • Adults and teenagers – The dose is 1000 to 4000 milligrams (mg) per day, taken in divided doses.
        • Children – Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. Dose is based on body weight and must be determined by your doctor. The dose is usually 25 to 100 milligrams (mg) per kilogram (kg) per day, taken in divided doses.

    Missed Dose

    If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

    Storage

    Keep out of the reach of children.

    Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

    Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

    Store the capsules in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

    Store the oral liquid in the refrigerator. Throw away any unused medicine after 14 days.

    Precautions

    If your symptoms do not improve within a few days, or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

    Cephalexin may cause diarrhea, and in some cases it can be severe. Do not take any medicine or give medicine to your child to treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor. Diarrhea medicines may make the diarrhea worse or make it last longer. If you have any questions about this or if mild diarrhea continues or gets worse, check with your doctor.

    Before you or your child have any medical tests, tell the medical doctor in charge that you are using this medicine. The results of some tests may be affected by this medicine.

    Side Effects of Novo-Lexin – Cephalexin (Oral Route)

    Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

    Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

    More common

    1. Diarrhea

    Rare

    1. Abdominal or stomach pain
    2. blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
    3. chills
    4. clay-colored stools
    5. cough
    6. dark urine
    7. diarrhea
    8. dizziness
    9. fever
    10. general tiredness and weakness
    11. headache
    12. itching
    13. joint or muscle pain
    14. light-colored stools
    15. loss of appetite
    16. nausea and vomiting
    17. rash
    18. red skin lesions, often with a purple center
    19. red, irritated eyes
    20. sore throat
    21. sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
    22. unpleasant breath odor
    23. unusual tiredness or weakness
    24. upper right abdominal or stomach pain
    25. vomiting of blood
    26. yellow eyes or skin

    Incidence not known

    1. Abdominal or stomach cramps or tenderness
    2. back or leg pains
    3. black, tarry stools
    4. bleeding gums
    5. bloating
    6. blood in the urine or stools
    7. chest pain
    8. coughing up blood
    9. diarrhea, watery and severe, which may also be bloody
    10. difficulty with breathing or swallowing
    11. fast heartbeat
    12. general body swelling
    13. hives
    14. increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding
    15. increased thirst
    16. large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
    17. loss of appetite
    18. nosebleeds
    19. pain
    20. painful or difficult urination
    21. pale skin
    22. paralysis
    23. pinpoint red spots on the skin
    24. prolonged bleeding from cuts
    25. puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
    26. red or black, tarry stools
    27. red or dark brown urine
    28. shortness of breath
    29. swollen or painful glands
    30. tightness in the chest
    31. unusual bleeding or bruising
    32. unusual weight loss
    33. watery or bloody diarrhea
    34. wheezing

    Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

    Incidence not known

    1. Acid or sour stomach
    2. anxiety
    3. belching
    4. burning feeling in the chest or stomach
    5. difficulty with moving
    6. dry mouth
    7. heartburn
    8. hives or welts
    9. hyperventilation
    10. indigestion
    11. irregular heartbeats
    12. irritability
    13. itching of the vagina or genital area
    14. muscle pain or stiffness
    15. nervousness
    16. pain during sexual intercourse
    17. pain, swelling, or redness in the joints
    18. redness of the skin
    19. restlessness
    20. seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
    21. shaking
    22. stomach upset
    23. trouble with sleeping
    24. white or brownish vaginal discharge

    Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

    Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.